Implantation spotting can occur during the early stages of pregnancy while the fertilized egg, or the blastocyst, is attaching to the uterine wall, or endometrium. During this process the blastocyst travels down the fallopian tubes. When it reaches the endometrium, the blastocyst proceeds to attach itself by growing a special kind of flesh called to trophoblast. As the trophoblast begins to connect the uterine wall of the pregnant mother to the fertilized egg, maternal blood begins to be diverted through cavities in the trophoblast. Some of the shallower cavities can leak a small amount of blood at this time, which can be expelled through the vagina in the form of implantation spotting.
Implantation spotting is a fairly normal occurrence for some women in the early stages of pregnancy, usually occurring around six to twelve days after conception. This gives enough time for the blastocyst to travel down the fallopian tube before embedding itself into the sides of your uterine wall. The bleeding should stop on its own after a short time and does not require treatment. However if you think you are pregnant it is generally considered a good idea to verify it with a doctor.
Since implantation spotting happens in the very early stages of pregnancy, many women who do not yet realize they are pregnant, mistake it for their period. Implantation spotting sometimes occurs along with cramping or bloating that can seem to correlate with these suspicions. However implantation spotting is less heavy than period blood and of a different color and consistency. Rather than being a heavy red color, implantation spotting will be a dark pinkish color with a scatty brown discharge.
Other causes of vaginal bleeding besides implantation spotting could be recent sexual intercourse or a pap smear. Women beginning a course of birth control may experience vaginal bleeding for the first few months. If you have just started having your period, adolescents sometimes experience spotting the first few days before their period. Sexually transmitted diseases and vaginal cysts are also known to cause spotting, as are some forms of cancer. Additionally vaginal bleeding by a pregnant woman can occasionally happen as a precursor to a miscarriage if it is accompanied by severe cramping.
You should see a doctor if the vaginal bleeding is particularly heavy and accompanied by severe pain. Pregnant woman should consult with their doctor immediately as soon as possible if they are experiencing vaginal bleeding of some sort. In general if your vagina is bleeding and you were not expecting it, for example you are sure it is not your period, you should probably pay a visit to the doctor.
Implantation spotting is a common occurrence for a small portion of women in the early stages of pregnancy. But it is not something to be overly concerned about so much as the fact that you may be in the early stages of pregnancy. Congratulations. A clinical blood test from a doctor should be able to confirm pregnancy in 3 to 4 days.